Project Overview > How to Select a Tool
How to Select and Adapt an Intervention
Selecting and adapting an intervention will be much easier if the situational assessment phase of the Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Planning Framework has been completed. The type of intervention chosen for implementation should fit with the results of the situational assessment. The knowledge gained about the workplace from the situational assessment should also guide adaptation decisions.
Use the checklist below as a guide while working through the fifth element of the CWHP Planning Framework to develop the intervention and evaluation plan.
Intervention Selection & Adaptation Checklist
[ ] Objectives – The intervention’s content is built to meet its overall objectives. Consider how the intervention meets the previously identified needs and opportunities identified within your workplace during the situational assessment phase (element three).
[ ] Approach used (premises, concepts, theory) – Good interventions make assumptions about what factors or concepts are associated with getting the audience to take a desired action. These assumptions are generally drawn from theories about how people behave or act. If you are unsure about the approaches or theories used, consider working with health education specialists or behavior change researchers as you review the intervention.
[ ] Content (education level, depth of coverage, and comprehensibility) – Examine the level of complexity, the reading level, and the level of detail to ensure that the information provided is appropriate for your audience. Have individuals from your audience review the materials and give you their feedback.
[ ] Level of understanding or acceptance – Beliefs or values may cause people to either reject or accept the information that the intervention provides. Personal experiences, historical events, myths and misinformation, or cultural backgrounds can shape people’s beliefs and values. Representatives of your intended audience can help to assess whether the intervention suits your audience.
[ ] Fit with available resources – Review the intervention to see if it includes activities that are realistic and achievable, given the resources in your workplace.
[ ] Channels used to transmit the information – Many of the interventions are designed to be delivered in a specific way. For example, some are intended for small-group settings while others are intended for entire communities. Their effectiveness may be dependent on that mode of delivery. If you intend to offer interventions or products through a different delivery channel, you will need to consider how the effectiveness of the message(s) might be affected by the change.
[ ] Terminology used – Terms might convey different things to different audiences. For some groups the term “physical activity” is associated with work or labour, when often it is meant to refer to “leisure time activity” or “exercise.” Pilot testing will help you understand how your audience interprets the key terms used in the intervention.
[ ] Fit with your audience’s culture The best way to determine the fit of a product or intervention is to pilot test it with your audience. Asking questions like “Does this seem to have been developed with people like you in mind?” or “Is this relevant to your experiences?” will help you determine the cultural appropriateness of the intervention and product.
[ ] Intended actions – If participants are being asked to act on information, be sure that the desired or expected behaviors are consistent with your objectives and the needs of the audience.
Sources: Needs/Impact-Based Planning Model, A Planning Framework for Central West, 1996 and Using What Works: Adapting Evidence-Based Programs to Fit Your Needs, National Cancer Institute, http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/use_what_works/start.htm.